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Nearsightedness in Children: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Nearsightedness, also known as myopia, is a prevalent vision issue that impacts numerous children globally. This condition occurs when the eyeball is excessively elongated or the cornea is overly curved, causing light to focus in front of the retina instead of directly on it. As a result, distant objects appear blurry while close objects remain clear. In this article, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, and treatment options available for nearsightedness in children.


Although the precise cause of nearsightedness in children is not fully understood, it is believed to stem from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Children with parents who have nearsightedness are more prone to developing the condition. Additionally, excessive screen time, reading in dim light, and engaging in activities that necessitate prolonged near vision may heighten the risk of nearsightedness.


The primary symptom of nearsightedness is blurred vision when looking at objects in the distance. Children with nearsightedness may squint or struggle to see clearly when observing the board in class. They might also experience headaches or eye strain during activities that require good distance vision, such as playing sports or watching movies in theaters.


Corrective lenses, such as glasses or contact lenses, are the most effective treatment for nearsightedness in children. These lenses help redirect light onto the retina, thereby improving distance vision. In some cases, orthokeratology (ortho-k) may be recommended. Ortho-k involves wearing specialized contact lenses overnight, temporarily reshaping the cornea to enhance vision during the day without the need for glasses or contacts.

Surgery is a rare treatment option and typically reserved for individuals over 18 years of age due to ongoing eye development in younger children. The surgical procedure commonly employed is LASIK, where a laser reshapes the cornea. However, non-surgical approaches are typically preferred for children.

The Importance of Consulting an Eye Care Professional:

Parents should prioritize taking their child to an eye care professional for regular check-ups, even if there are no apparent signs of vision problems. Eye doctors can identify nearsightedness and other vision issues early on, making treatment more manageable. Early detection and intervention can prevent the deterioration of vision problems, ultimately enhancing a child’s overall quality of life.

Parents should resist the temptation to self-diagnose and treat their child’s vision problems. While over-the-counter reading glasses and online eye exams may appear convenient, they cannot replace professional eye care. These methods may not offer accurate diagnoses and could potentially exacerbate vision problems.

In conclusion, nearsightedness is a prevalent vision issue affecting numerous children worldwide. It is crucial for parents to be aware of the causes, symptoms, and treatment options available for nearsightedness. Regular check-ups with an eye care professional enable early detection and appropriate treatment, allowing children with nearsightedness to enjoy clear vision and an improved quality of life.